As many as three million people may have died from starvation and diseases, such as cholera, associated with the movements of large numbers of people across the country. It is sometimes said that the British economy was exhausted, even bankrupted, by fighting the Second World War, and so Britain was unable to devote resources to retaining its colonial Empire, but this is drastically to over-simplify a much more complex situation.
Although Britain was one of the victorious allies, the defeat of Germany had been mainly the work of Soviet and American power, while that of Japan had been an almost entirely American triumph. Of course, the end of empire more generally did not necessarily mean the end of European influence, whether political or economic.
Top Help from the Commonwealth Attlee and Bevan believed Britain's economic recovery and the survival of sterling as a great trading currency required closer integration with the old 'white' dominions, especially Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
Nor was it simply an economic imperative. This led to increasing in expenditure from which money was taken from other colonies.
Even though they won the war, British empire saw the world position erode. In the absence of rationing or price controls such as had been imposed in the UK, rising demand fuelled by the need to buy up supplies for British troops fuelled inflation which soon put many foodstuffs out of reach of the poor in many parts of the empire.
Britain's strategic defence against the new Soviet threat required forward air bases from which to bomb Southern Russia - the industrial arsenal of the Soviet Union. The burden of the empire defence shifted back to a Britain that was both weaker and poorer than it had been before This was done much to the annoyance of the British which traditionally held power in this region vis a vis natural resources.
In World War 2, UK and France tried desperately to avoid the war, as they had barely enough resources to salvage their crumbling empires.
These did not have to be extreme ideas: Initially small trading posts were acquired, places like Cape Town, Bombay and Hong Kong but often these needed defending against the rapacious local ruler.
Holland London, Holland thought that there was a process of mutual 'disimperialism' as both the core and the periphery reacted to one another's change in tone and circumstances.
Britain's claim on American support, the indispensable prop of imperial survival, could no longer be taken for granted. From around until World War IIthe colonies suffered. British leaders had no doubt that Britain must uphold its status as the third great power. As nationalist and independence movements gathered strength, European powers proved increasingly unable to suppress them, and the use of force to do so, very widespread during the final phase of Empire, ran into serious political difficulties in Europe itself, illustrated most dramatically by the deep divisions opened up in British politics during the Suez Crisis.
The complacent and inefficient colonial administration in India did nothing to curb inflation, speculation and hoarding, even when Burma fell, depriving the sub-continent of 15 per cent of its rice supply.
It was not a movement for independence, however, and only a small part of India was involved. The extraordinary material demands of the conflict had spread economic change across the world notably inflationand the associated social pressures of "war imperialism" created both peasant unrest and a burgeoning middle class.
Many former colonies exhibit continued use of these frameworks to this day.Mar 03, · The British Empire in the Middle East by dfaduke.com, (Oxford University Press, ) Suez by dfaduke.com, (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, ) The End of Empire.
Significant violence was involved in several prominent cases of decolonization of the British Empire; partition was a frequent solution. Inthe North American colonies were divided between the independent United States, and British North America, which later became Canada.
For decades, this was true: the British colonial Empire touched all corners of the globe. After the War concluded, however, a worldwide process of decolonization commenced in which Britain granted independence to all of its major colonies, beginning notably in India.
Another reason for the downfall of the British Empire is Mercantilism. Mercantilism according to Oxford dictionary is a belief in the benefits of profitable trading.
It is. The author examines the reasons for the British giving up their Asian and African colonies after asking whether nationalism in colonial societies or indifference in Britain was the key factor in the dissolution of the British Empire. 4!! (Investigation(The(WarCausedDecoloni sationinAfricanColonies (It!can!be!argued!that!the!financialstrain!of!fight!theSecond!World!War!annihilated!theBritish!Download