In addition, the Directory transformed the Republic into a Military dictatorship. Not surprisingly, therefore, the parlements passed numerous laws favoring the aristocracy. These initiatives included the drafting of several bills of rights and constitutions, the establishment of legal equality among all citizens, experiments with representative democracy, the incorporation of the church into the state, and the reconstruction of state administration and the law code.
Under a new conscription decree, aboutFrench soldiers were organized, equipped, and rushed to the fronts. Most historians today argue that, on balance, it was becoming increasingly difficult to distinguish clearly between the nobility and the bourgeoisie.
Membership in such courts, or appointment to other public positions, often led to elevation to the nobility the so-called Nobles of the Robeas distinguished from the nobility of ancestral military origin, the Nobles of the Sword. In November a new constitution took effect, placing executive authority in a five-member Directory.
B Fiscal Crisis The discontent of the French people might not have brought about a political revolution if there had not been a fiscal crisis in the late s. The Revolution had begun. This demanded a much higher level of taxation and less flexibility in raising money to deal with unforeseen emergencies.
Henri de Boulainvilliersin his posthumous essays of on the nobility of France, had even developed a wholly fraudulent but widely praised theory of noble racial superiority.
This is significant because the French rebels did not have a navy as the Americans had a navy. Although the general trend after had been one of greater overall prosperity, the 20 years before were a time of economic difficulties.
Evaluate the fate of the king between June and his execution in January You will select six. Thus, the American revolution and French revolution had many differences and similarities. Property qualifications for the vote, however, confined the electorate to the middle and upper classes.
The Third Estate demanded that the credentials of deputies should be verified by all deputies, rather than each estate verifying the credentials of its own members, but negotiations with the other estates failed to achieve this.
Examine the background, motives and political values of those who sat in the National Constituent Assembly between and its dissolution in Explain how the ideological foundations of the French monarchy were challenged and possibly undermined by Enlightenment philosophers and writers This caused further resentment.
By the time Calonne brought together the Assembly of Notables on 22 February to address the financial situation, France had reached a state of virtual bankruptcy; no one would lend the king money sufficient to meet the expenses of the royal court and the government.
Strong turnout produced 1, delegates, including clergy, nobles and members of the Third Estate. One economical reason for the revolution was the unfair taxes to the 3rd estate.
End of Essay Note: Robespierre then moved against Danton, who was beheaded along with his principal colleagues in April In the First Estate were the clergy, usually the younger sons of the nobility.The French Revolution Essay Examples.
An Analysis of the Goals of the French Revolution Produced by the Enlightenment. words. 1 page. Was There's No Other Reason Than to Go to War? words. 2 pages. An Overview of Edmund Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution.
American Revolution Essay. By Lauren Bradshaw.
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The French Revolution' A medium term financial crisis, partly caused by France's decisive involvement during the American Revolutionary War, led to the French crown calling an Assembly of Notables and after this, ina gathering dubbed the Estates General to gain assent for new tax laws.
Accrediting “the encounter of competing classes” as conflicting entails that the French Revolution War exemplifies a complex revolution, indicated by the peasant opposition to wealth and power, various civil responses, and a transition of French authority.
02 - Causes of French Revolution Essay - HONORS. Chapter (all) STUDY. PLAY. ASSIGNMENT - write a 5 paragraph essay on the French Revolution - you may have 10 words of notes (choose wisely) 5 paragraph essay - essay that consists of an introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion France before Revolution (the Setting).
Causes of French Revolution Essay examples Before the Revolution, France had been involved in many expensive wars, especially the American War of Independence, causing financial difficulties and debts which were increased through the expensive upkeep of the Royal Family and their courts.
At this time the Age of Enlightenment was occurring.Download